EDDIE SEAGLE: Ginkgo offers a bright yellow color in the fall | Lifestyles

“Summer is always the best that could be.” Charles Bowden. “Because a little bit of summer is what the whole year is.” John Mayer. “It’s always summer somewhere.” Lily Pulitzer. “In the summer, the song sings itself.” William Carlos Williams. “It was June and the world smelled of roses. The sun was like dusting gold on the grassy hill. Haud Hart Lovelace. “I am more myself in a garden than anywhere else on earth.” Doug Greene. “Happy is the color of summer.” Unknown.

Summer has officially arrived! Take it easy on the summer heat and plan your landscaping activities for the cooler times of the day – early morning and late afternoon. Let’s continue our vegetable discussions with ginkgo.

The Ginkgo with its angular crowns, long, erratic branches and deep roots is resistant to damage from wind and weather. Young trees are often tall and slender and sparsely branched, with the crown widening as the tree ages. During the fall, the leaves turn bright yellow, then fall (sometimes within 15 days). A combination of its resistance to disease and insects and its ability to form aerial roots and shoots gives ginkgo a long lifespan, with some specimens appearing to be over 2,500 years old. The common ginkgo is a tall tree, typically reaching a height of 60 to 120 feet, with some specimens in China exceeding 160 feet.

Ginkgo is one of the oldest living tree species (dating back centuries) known to society and its leaves are among the most studied and used herbs today. In Europe and the United States, ginkgo supplements are among the top-selling herbal medicines and consistently rank among the top prescribed medicines in France and Germany. Ginkgo has been used in traditional medicine to treat blood disorders and improve memory. Its leaves contain two types of chemicals (flavonoids and terpenoids) believed to have powerful antioxidant properties. Gingko uses include improving blood flow to the brain; improve circulation to the extremities; fight free radicals; improve memory, focus and concentration; treat varicose veins; treat tinnitus and vertigo, among others.

The ginkgo (also known as the maidenhair tree) makes a standout feature in any garden and is renowned for its spectacular yellow foliage in the fall. They are often seen as tall trees in parks and gardens. However, many varieties of Ginkgo biloba are grown and are suitable for small gardens and yards. Additionally, ginkgo is well suited to growing in containers where it will survive for many years with minimal attention and occasional feeding. Ginkgo offers strong outward appeal.

Cultivated ginkgos are easy to care for and grow in most conditions, sun to shade. Ginkgo is very hardy and often makes a great alternative to Japanese maple. The forms available vary from dwarf varieties such as Ginkgo biloba ‘Troll’ which is very small to taller columnar trees such as Ginkgo biloba ‘Tremonia’. This tree offers a size and shape for almost any garden.

Since many people find the messiness and odor of female tree fruit objectionable and/or repellent (similar to that of Limburger cheese), the male (non-fruiting) varieties are most often planted as fruit trees. shade, street or park. Additionally, rather than growing trees from seed and waiting years for them to flower and learn their gender, gardeners can propagate male trees from cuttings that are grafted onto the roots of other trees. .

Ginkgo prefers deep, sandy soils with moderate moisture and adapts to a range of pH levels. It prefers full sun and tolerates pollution, salty air and heat. Pruning is best done in the spring and this tree is relatively pest free.

Landscape uses include planting as a specimen tree, for large open spaces, as a shade tree, and possibly as a street tree (depending on cultivar). Only male species should be planted because female plants have such a smelly fruit. Large upright growing non-fruit trees include Autumn Gold, Princeton Sentry, Chi-Chi, Magyar, Elmwood, Saratoga, and Shangri-La. All trees labeled Fastigiata or Variegata must be mature enough to distinguish the sex.

With exceptionally short branches and dense foliage, some varieties of ginkgo mature into a more shrubby form. These dwarf varieties are very slow growing and are ideal in small landscapes as a specimen shrub or conversation piece. Jade Butterfly and Thelma are two dwarf selections that (after several decades of healthy growth) reach 8-15 feet tall and 6-10 feet wide, becoming more like a small tree after a considerable time but like a shrub in the meantime. . Todd’s Witches Broom (also Todd’s WB) is a true ultra-dwarf, reaching 3-4 feet tall and 3-4 feet wide and Troll which will reach 3 feet in height and is very compact with slow growth.

Ginkgo cultivars include Autumn Gold (26 feet tall with an open pyramidal habit and specimen tree), Tremonia (20 feet tall with a narrow columnar habit and specimen tree), Fairmount (16 feet tall with a slender growth adding height in a limited area), Jade Butterflies (13 feet tall with bushy growth and a specimen tree, potted or on the ground) and Saratoga (13 feet tall with pyramidal growth and attractive leaves in pot or on the ground).

Also, Horizontalis (5 feet tall with a horizontal habit and ideal in a pot or planted), Mariken (5 feet tall with a dense and compact growth and planted in a pot or in the ground), Barabits Nana (6 feet tall with a dense bonsai habit and ideal for container use), Tubifolia (6 feet tall with an open, potted or ground architectural habit), Beijing Gold (10 feet tall with dense, bushy growth and best in dappled shade) ,

California Sunset (10 feet tall with yellow variegated leaves and best in dappled shade), Chi-Chi (10 feet tall with dense bushy growth and ideal for the pot on the patio), Pendula (over 10 feet tall with an arching, potted or ground architectural habit), Variegata (10 feet tall with slow open growth and best in dappled shade), and Weeping Wonder (10 feet tall with very weeping, potted growth or in the ground).

Happy summer to each of you!


“Our citizenship is in heaven. And we’re looking forward to a Savior out there, the Lord Jesus Christ. Philippians 3:20. “The father of a righteous man has great joy; he who has a wise son delights in him. Proverbs 23:24. “As a father has compassion on his children, so the Lord has compassion on those who fear him.” Psalm 103:13. “Fathers, do not exasperate your children, but bring them up in the training and instruction of the Lord.” Ephesians 6:4. “Sing to God, sing praises to his name, exalt him who rides the clouds—his name is the Lord—and rejoice before him. A father for orphans, a defender for widows, it is God in his holy abode. Psalm 68:4-5.

Eddie Seagle is Sustainability Auditor, Golf Environment Organization (Scotland), Agronomist and Horticulturist, CSI: Seagle (Consulting Services International) LLC, Professor Emeritus and Honorary Alumnus (Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College), Professor Emeritus for Teaching and apprenticeship (University System of Georgia) and short-term missionary (Heritage Church, Moultrie). Address your inquiries to [email protected]

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