The captivating seasonal kaleidoscope of fall colors, but check what trees you can grow in your area | Northern Beaches Review
Fall is all about color, but unlike spring when flowers are the prima donnas of the garden, fall is when foliage takes center stage.
Nature’s spectacle is presented with vibrant reds, golden yellows, outrageous orange hues and mysterious purple tones.
The color of fall foliage trees is the result of changes in the leaf caused by climatic changes of lower temperatures, a reduction in the length of the day and the deprivation of water from the leaves by a shrinkage of the cell walls of the leaf stalk.
This process reduces the photosynthetic capacity of the leaf, which decreases the production of chlorophyll which gives the leaves their characteristic green coloring. As the chlorophyll disappears from the leaf, other pigments gradually reveal themselves.
The chemicals responsible for this color change are carotenoids, which produce yellow and orange pigments, while anthocyanins produce red and purple.
Northern Hemisphere deciduous trees that display fall color grow best in cooler climates, mountainous regions, and cold climate zones with rich, deep fertile soils to provide the best conditions for spectacular displays. There are, however, some varieties that color well even in the most temperate regions.
The temptation to plant a tree with fall foliage is a temptation that requires reflection.
Some of these trees are not suitable for the average yard because they can grow into very large specimens such as pine oak, tulip tree, or beech.
There are, however, many smaller varieties of fall foliage trees available and now is a great time to select the trees from your local nursery that show the best color. Japanese maples are one of the most popular fall foliage trees and for good reason.
From specimen trees, understory plantings, taller trees, container plants, and even bonsai trees, Japanese maples are a fall foliage plant with a huge variety of leaf shapes. , colors and tree shapes, which means that whatever space restrictions apply, there will be a tree for almost any situation.
Despite their differences, the best fall foliage trees all have one thing in common: come leaf season, they transform the landscape into a kaleidoscope of color.
Check with the nursery horticulturist if the fall trees are suitable for your area and their mature size before making a final purchase.